Black Rhino Best Practice Guidelines Preamble
These Best Practice Guidelines were based on ‘concept husbandry guidelines for Black rhino (Diceros bicornis)’ which were produced by Valentijn Assenberg and Thijs van den Houten for the final thesis of their Animal Management course at the Van Hall Larenstein Institute. The data to form the concept husbandry guidelines was collected by a literature study and a questionnaire. The literature was chosen from a number of sources. A full reference list can be found at the end of this document. The questionnaire was partly based on the AZA husbandry manual and partly on the EAZA husbandry guidelines for the greater one-horned rhino. The AZA husbandry manual was published in 1996 and covers all five rhino species and is made with the help of the International Rhino Foundation. The EAZA husbandry guidelines for the Greater one-horned rhino were published in 2002 by Basel Zoo.
We are very grateful to Valentijn and Thijs for this report. Also to the following people who assisted by completing the questionnaire: Andreas Knieriem (Hannover Zoo) Gerd Nötzold (Leipzig Zoo) Jiri Hruby (Dvur Kralove Zoo) Robert Zingg (Zurich Zoo) Ulrike Cyrus (Zurich Zoo) Helen Massey (NEZS Chester Zoo) Xavier Vailliant (Pont-Scorff Zoo). I am also grateful to Tine Griede and Ineke de Jonge from the Van Hall Larenstein Institute for supervising the project.
A review of these Best Practice Guidelines was completed in 2013 by Becca Biddle and Dr Mark Pilgrim. For this we are especially grateful to Dr Andreas Ochs of Berlin Zoo for his review of the Veterinary Section, Marcus Clauss and Jürgen Hummel for their work on the Nutrition Section, and Dr Sue Walker and Dr Katie Edwards for their additions regarding Black rhino endocrinology and its applications to captive management.